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Monday, November 25, 2013

Flipping Houses: Is It Better Than Buy and Hold?

Flipping Houses: Is It Better Than Buy and Hold?

The question of whether buying and selling or buying and holding is a more appropriate residential real estate investment strategy does not have one correct answer. Rather, the decision to choose one method over another should be part of an explicit strategy that takes the investor's overall investment goals, as well as the opportunities presented by the existing market, into account. This article will discuss each investment strategy's advantages and disadvantages. Read on to find out which strategy will edge out the others in the market in which you invest. 

Why Invest in Real Estate?
Residential real estate ownership is gaining ever-increasing interest from retail investors for many of the following reasons:

  • Real estate provides more predictable returns than stocks and bonds.
  • Real estate provides an inflation hedge cause rental rates and investment cash flows usually rise by at least as much as the inflation rate.
  • Real estate provides an excellent place for capital in times when investors are unsure of prospects in the stock and bond markets or when investors expect long-term returns in stocks and bonds to be inadequate.
  • The equity created in a real estate investment provides an excellent base for financing other investment opportunities. Instead of borrowing to get the capital to go into other vehicles (i.e., buying stocks on margin), investors can borrow against their equity to finance other projects. The relative ease in borrowing against a real estate investment combined with the deductibility of the mortgage interest makes this option a less-expensive method for financing other opportunities for investors who are comfortable taking on the additional financial risk.
  • In addition to providing cash flow for owners during periods when residential real estate is being rented out, it can also be used as a residence or for some other purpose during periods when it is not producing cash flows.

The Pros and Cons of Flipping

The most apparent advantage to flipping property investments is the ability to immediately realize gains and to have capital tied up for the least amount of time possible. Also, unlike the stock market, which can turn in the middle of a day, real estate markets are more easily predicted and can produce extended time periods that compensate investors for flipping properties. In this sense, flipping properties could be considered a less risky investment strategy because it is intended to keep capital at risk for a minimal amount of time and because it lacks the management and leasing risks inherent in holding real estate.
For most investors, flipping properties should be considered more of a tactical strategy than a long-term investment strategy. Because transaction costs are very high on both the buy and sell side, they can significantly affect profits. There are two major types of properties that can be used in a buy/sell approach to real estate investing. The first is homes or apartments that can be purchased below current market value because they are in financial distress. The second is the "fixer", a property with a structural or design issue that can be overcome to create value. 

Investors that focus on distressed properties do so by identifying homeowners who can no longer manage or sustain their properties or by finding properties that are overleveraged and are at risk of going into default. Those who prefer fixers, on the other hand, will remodel or enhance a property so that it works better for homeowners or is more efficient for apartment tenants. Using this tactic, the buyer of a fixer is relying on investing capital to increase values as opposed to just buying property for a low basis in order to create high investment returns. Of course, it is also possible to combine these two strategies when flipping properties, and many investors do just that.

However, flipping properties can create tax and cost issues that one doesn't face with long-term investments. Flipping usually leads to swings in income that can create cash flow and tax management issues. Also, finding these opportunities can be difficult over the long term, making this strategy better suited for those wishing to take advantage of shorter-term opportunities in the real estate market.

The Pros and Cons of Holding

It is a well-known fact that buying and holding real estate is a recipe for amassing great wealth. Most "old money" in the U.S. and abroad was accumulated through land ownership. Even after periods of decreasing land prices, land values have almost always rebounded in the long run because there is a limited supply of land. 
However, long-term real estate ownership carries a myriad of management and legal issues that investors in stocks and bonds never have to contend with. Real estate ownership is a management-intensive endeavor that is outside the skill set of many investors. 

Equity investors have to have the skills to analyze a particular market, a particular company and management's ability to execute its business strategies. A long-term real estate investor needs the same skills but has the added responsibility of creating and executing those business strategies for his or her properties. Many investors, especially first-time rental property owners, are ill-prepared or ill-equipped to deal with the responsibilities that come with managing rental property. The process of finding quality tenants and servicing their needs, along with ensuring the maintenance and upkeep of the property, can be a stressful and time-intensive undertaking, but successful property management is necessary for ensuring ongoing cash flows from one's investment.

The risks inherent in long-term real estate ownership are great, but if mitigated, the investor is well compensated for assuming them. Most of these risks, which include the transactional risks of purchasing and selling properties, risks to the well-being of the property and the risks of finding and maintaining tenants are considered unsystematic risks, or investment risks that can be diversified away if an appropriate number of investments are purchased in a well-crafted portfolio. The problem for most investors is that real estate is so capital-intensive that the amount needed to purchase enough property to diversify away these risks is outside of their abilities.

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